Living in Little Silver, with lots of days at the beach over at Sandy Hook, we’re all exposed to a lot of sun. The sun’s ultraviolet rays are the stinkers, penetrating the skin and damaging its cells, leading to skin aging and wrinkling, and various skin cancers.
We all know that the best thing would be to never go outdoors, unless we are dressed like a mummy. But when you live so close to the water, who wants to do that?
So, we all apply sunscreen. But what do you really know about sunscreen and how it protects, or doesn’t protect, you? Here’s some info. If you have any questions about sunscreen and your skin, please talk with our resident skin expert, Christine Hetzler, RN, BSN.
Sun protection factor (SPF) and UV radiation
Since the advent of modern sunscreens, a sunscreen’s efficacy has been measured by its sun protection factor, now commonly known by its acronym, SPF. SPF is not really a measure of protection, it is a measure of how long it will take for ultraviolet B (UVB) rays to redden your skin compared to having no sunscreen on. For instance, SPF 15 means that it will take 15 times longer with sunscreen on than without. Why does it use the UVB rays? Those are the rays that cause sunburn because they penetrate only the epidermis, the surface layer of the skin.
As for amount of UVB protection, an SPF 15 sunscreen screens 93 percent of the sun’s UVB rays; SPF 30 protects against 97 percent; and SPF 50 protects against 98 percent. The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services recommends only SPF 15 and higher for providing adequate protection.
But scientists now say UVA rays, which penetrate far more deeply, into the dermis layer of the skin, also cause skin damage and skin cancer. So, you need a sunscreen that protects against both UVA and UVB. To do this, look for a sunscreen with at least SPF 15, plus some combination of the following UVA-screening ingredients: avobenzone, ecamsule, oxybenzone, titanium dioxide, and zinc oxide. When you see a label that says broad spectrum or multi spectrum or UVA/UVB these indicate that some UVA protection is provided. However, there isn’t a measure of how much protection these terms denote.
How do sunscreens work?
The ingredients in sunscreens form a thin, protective film on the surface of the skin and absorb the UVA radiation before it penetrates the skin. The “sunscreens” are actually physically screening the sun, meaning that their insoluble particles reflect the UV rays back off the skin. The FDA has approved 17 active ingredients for use in sunscreens.
Unfortunately, no matter how much you know about UVA rays and sunscreen, your skin will still suffer sun damage. Trust Dr. Hetzler and our team to help you reverse some of that damage. Call us at (732) 219-0447 to make an appointment or with any questions.
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